From this study it is clear that the main function of a kidney is to eject waste products and excess water from the blood, however, when one suffers from loss of kidney function, this process takes time and the result can start showing after some time. When kidney function ceases, water, waste and toxic substances accumulate in the body. These are the substances that are excreted by a normal kidney, which a damaged kidney cannot handle.This paper highlights that .the major causes of chronic kidney failures are high blood pressure and diabetes, however, the choice of ones lifestyle can also lead to this disease. In Ali’s case, heavy consumption of alcohol and frequent smoking at his age is the main cause to the kidney disease. When one consumes a lot of alcohol, it not only interferes with the kidney’s function, but also causes heart and liver disease as well as high blood pressure, inclusive of frequent urinating. Nevertheless, moderate alcohol consumption is assumed fine as long as it does not interfere with one’s health and safety. Moreover, it is advisable for one to consume a glass or two as alcohol prevents heart disease. hence, smartness is required in alcohol consumption. .When the kidney ceases to function, waste substances are not excreted. These results are associated with some symptoms, since the body cannot function normally. Chronic kidney disease starts with the slow loss of the kidney function, and at first, the symptoms are not visible or there may be none.