A structured interview is appropriate because a researcher uses a systematic and fair way of interacting with all respondents (Rogers, 2001). This discussion will consider the basic components of a structured interview, as well as how to use a structured interview in approaching informed consent, risk/gain assessment, intentional deception, and debriefing.
The basic components of a structured interview include term identification, situational questions, and behavioral questions (Rogers, 2001). These components will guide interviewer to gather the necessary information from the interviewee regarding the research question. The interviewer will understand whether trauma affects future relationships or not based on the use of the structured interview components. Term identification will enable the interviewer to understand the meaning of new terms that the interviewees may use (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). The interviewer may ask the respondent to elaborate on the meaning of flashbacks with regard to traumatic experiences. Situational questions are the interview questions that the interviewer employs to understand the situations that the respondent will undergo (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). For instance, the researcher may ask victims of sexual assault whether they will experience any problem with forming intimate relationships. Behavioral questions are the interview questions that researchers use to understand feelings the respondent underwent during the traumatic experience. For instance, the researcher may ask the victims of sexual assault to express the physical feelings they went through during the trauma.
Informed consent is necessary before the structured interview because the interviewee should be aware of the aftermaths of the interview (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). The interviewer should inform the respondent that it may be possible to reveal the traumatic incident to the relevant