The growing mismanagement, corruption and increasing migration to Indian Punjab is also posing to threat to the otherwise Indian paradise.
There are about 88 million Punjabis. Abut 68 million live in Pakistan Punjab, the remaining 20 million lives in Indian State of Punjab. In 1947, the Punjab province was split into West Punjab (Pakistan) and the East Punjab Province in India (Punjab India. Available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_India). The Indian Punjab State encompasses Pakistan to Delhi. In 1966, however, the turmoil that arose from Punjabi-speaking state caused the establishment of the current Punjab State. (Punjab state information. Available from http://www.newkerala.com/states-of-india/punjab.php).
With the massive river system, majority of Punjab is blessed with abundant plains where irrgination comes from extensive systems of canals. The southeast region is semi-arid and further extends to a desert landscape, the Great Indian Desert. The northeastern part of the state is an undulating Siwalik Ranges extending to the foot of the Himalayas. The Indian Punjab State has a subtropical climate, with hot summers and cool winters. Climatically, there are 3 major seasons, hot weather from April to June, rainy weather from July to September, and cold weather from October to March. Dust storms are common in the hot weather. The temperature drop close to freezing on winter and hard frosts are common (Punjabi. Available from http://www.punjabi.com/history.html).
Because of the fertile land of Punjab, it is most ideal for agriculture. In fact, the world’s leading school of agriculture is found in this region. Indian Punjab is called the “Granary of India” or otherwise “bread-basket” of India, since it is the biggest source of wheat in the country.