The Relationship Between Age and Crime.

Make you read the assignment in its entirety and the attachments that I have completed as well. The Annotated Bibliography is to be completed on the form that I attached. The purpose of this assignment is to critically analyze each of your selected sources for your Research Paper and write a narrative response to them. All I am requesting this time is the Annotated Bibliography.

Identify 6 peer-reviewed articles from an online database (provided by Stafford Library) that you intend to cite in your Research Paper. Outside sources cannot be considered (such as websites, articles, or anything aside from primary sources).

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o No foreign journals will be accepted without specific prior approval from the instructor. Their inclusion will require justification.


o There has been a flood of predatory journals, all from overseas, which are basically money-making schemes. You can read about the predatory journal issue. Also, many times social science from other countries has little, or no, relevance to Human Services practice as it happens in the United States. Culture, laws, and even the meaning of the term can make using foreign journals very problematic and often irrelevant. If used without approval, they will not receive credit.

o Sources cannot be more than 10 years old without the specific prior approval of the instructor. Their inclusion will require justification. If used without approval, they will not receive credit.

o Information entered into the form must be in your own words (except for the citation information of course).

A form has been provided for your use in the attachments. Submit the form for this assignment

Either attach the articles to your post or provide Persistent URLs. Watch this video that shows how to locate the persistent URL for a library article or download it. Test your URLs!

NOTE: You’ll need to review the Annotated Bibliography assignment instructions and Annotated Bibliography Example before working on your annotated bibliography. I have attached a copy in the attachments section of this assignment.

Bottom of Form

What is a literature review?

A literature review is a scholarly paper, which reviews current knowledge, including substantive findings, and may include theoretical and methodological contributions on a particular topic—the topic you picked. Your paper is derived from the content of your sources.

In a scholarly paper you do not use personal narrative. The paper is not written in first person, where you would discuss at length your own experiences regarding the topic at hand. This is not a paper about you. It is a paper where you demonstrate your ability to read professional peer reviewed research articles (six from the online databases) and synthesize the findings.

The entire purpose of the paper is to analyze and summarize the literature on your topic. Your entire paper is a literature review (as opposed to just one section of a research article). Here is an outstanding video on what a literature review is: the link provided below is to the video the teacher requires you to watch.

What It Is Not

Literature reviews are not research reports. Often students try to write this assignment using the research report format which most text books provide. You will not use headings/sections such as:

Research reports are actual research projects doing original research, whereas literature reviews are a review of the scholarly literature on a given topic (which are usually research reports). Literature reviews are considered secondary sources as they do not report new or original experimental research.

This Editage Insights article opens in a new tab goes into detail about the exact differences between a research paper and a review paper.

Helpful hint. It is always helpful to let the literature lead you. You won’t know what is specifically there until you start reading what has been written about your topic. You can start out rather narrow as long as you focus the scope of the paper as you explore what the articles you are using have to say about the topic you picked.

Writing a Literature Review

This is the method that works well, and many students have agreed. It is especially helpful in the eight week format, and it is a method where the organization, and the outline, of the paper emerges organically. Pay special attention to steps 4-6 which you’ll be using to create your Thematic Outline.

Select your topic. Refer to the Topic Dropbox for guidance on the requirements for this course.
Select your sources. You are required to use peer reviewed sources from the online library databases at our college. Web pages, books, etc., may be used to supplement those sources if they are appropriate, but should not be relied upon. I advise against using them unless they are absolutely essential, and you cannot make your case without them. They are supplementary and complementary for this assignment only. Generally, such supplemental sources (web pages, books, etc., not from the online database) are not that useful.
Select current articles. New is better unless there is an older “classic” article that is essential for your topic. Generally articles from the last four to five years are best; you can go back a little further if you need to but they should be no older than 10 years.
For each article go through and read, highlight, and markup the article. Look for themes. You will be writing your paper thematically.
Generate a list of between 4 and 6 themes. This should be themes which are shared by one or more of your sources. You can combine themes and edit them until your short list of themes seems to accurately portray what the literature had to say.
Make a list of those themes. These are your subtopics!
Arrange the themes in order. This is the order of your paper. Write a transition sentence or paragraph between one theme to another. You now have the structure of your paper, and it will be thematically and logically ordered. HINT: Never write about one article, then another, and then another. Use this system to write thematically. Your first theme, then the next, etc.,
Write your introduction and your conclusion.
Write your abstract
Prepare your References page
Research Paper Outline

Title page with running head


Body of paper

1. Theme a

2. Theme b

3. Theme c

4. Theme d


References page

Writing Tips

· Avoid first person.

· Avoid contractions like “it’s,” or “shouldn’t.” Use “it is” and “should not” instead.

· The star of the paper, and the focus, is on the information from your sources. Not your personal experience or opinion.

· Do not use articles or information you do not understand.

· Do not write about one article, then another, then another. Write the paper thematically, as outlined in your Thematic Outline.

· Have others read your paper, and revise. Quality papers go through two or more revisions

· Paraphrase and use direct quotes. BOTH. Not just one. Also make sure that the author and date are used, and a page number for all direct quotes.

APA Style

The Purdue Online Writing Lab opens in a new tab is an excellent resource for any APA questions, tutorials, and all the information you will ever need for APA papers (including examples). Your Research Paper must be written in APA style.


A good paper will use both paraphrases and direct quotes, and will be written in precise APA format. It is very important that no information of any significance (the general rule is anything that is not “common knowledge” must be cited.

Turnitin has been incorporated into the dropboxes in this course. (You do not need an outside link to it.) Turnitin will generate a “Similarity Report” for each assignment submitted. The report indicates where words in your document match those found in their database. It will make you aware of places where you may have forgotten to quote or prephrase information from one of your souces. There is no “right or wrong” level of Similarity score, but your instructor will likely look closely at anything over 25%. They will be unable to determine though, if your plagiarism is intentional or due to lack of knowledge.

One good way to avoid plagiarism issue is to avoid the practice of copying and pasting material from your source directly in your paper and trying to reword it. That is seldom successful. Writing a paper in a way that avoids plagiarism is only hard the first time or two and prevents much grief later on down the line. Columbia College keeps tracks of plagiarism, and it is a serious academic offense.

Important Notice

In this class you are allowed to submit your Dropbox assignments multiple times up through the due date. This will allow you to view your Report and revise your assignment if necessary. Second and subsequent submissions will experience a 24-hour lag in the posting of a new Turnitin report. Your final submission will be the one graded by your instructor.


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