ashworth EC390 exam 7

Children’s Literature Exam
Question 1 of 20
Knowing that __________ is/are important to many older
people is one step in a child understanding a different perspective.
A. learning
B. etiquette
C. memories
D. books

Question 2 of 20
Literature that portrays characters engaged in social
behavior shows children not only a way of acting but also the ingredients
necessary for __________ to occur.
A. active learning
B. group activity
C. prosocial
D. reasoning

Question 3 of 20
You can see whether children are able to decenter as you
listen to their use of:
A. language.
B. puppets.
C. illustrations.
D. alliteration.

Question 4 of 20
Learning when behavior is appropriate requires __________
types of situations and types of behaviors.
A. generalizing
B. characterizing
C. understanding
D. experiencing

Question 5 of 20
Moral reasoning at stage __________ is widely represented in
the decisions that book characters make.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

Question 6 of 20
An example of a book with an omniscient narrator is:
A. Cinderella.
B. The Three Little
C. The Pain and the
Great One.
D. The Sweetest Fig.

Question 7 of 20
With pre-school children, a first step in engaging children
in the reading process is to read stories in which characters are faced with a
decision to be made and in which there is:
A. no clear-cut
B. no solution.
C. a set of choices
D. an obvious

Question 8 of 20
Children grow in their ability to reason about moral issues
as they:
A. examine their
B. face confrontation.

C. hear the
reasoning of others.
D. adopt the
behavior of a book character.

Question 9 of 20
A child’s ability to __________ is correlated to their
ability to see from the viewpoint of another.
A. act out a story
B. relate to other
C. disagree with
another child
D. function in a
team environment

Question 10 of 20
At Kohlberg’s stage two, __________ determines ethical
A. desire to please
B. what is good or
C. personal reward
D. avoidance of

Question 11 of 20
In the preoperational stage of intellectual development,
children typically:
A. recognize that
others have feelings that may differ from their own.
B. are able to
evaluate multiple attributes of a situation.
C. are unable to put
themselves in another’s place.
D. behave
prosocially in accordance to internalized norms.

Question 12 of 20
Hannah wanted to play dress-up. Her other friends wanted to
play hide-and-seek. Hannah became angry, refused to participate, and ran to her
mother. Piaget would describe Hannah’s behavior as:
A. prosocial.
B. preconventional.
C. neurotic.
D. egocentric.

Question 13 of 20
Martin watched Mrs. Sullivan get out of her car at home. She
had just returned from the grocery store. Martin knew that Mrs. Sullivan
recently had knee surgery a few weeks ago. He walked over and began helping her
with her groceries. She was so grateful to him and thanked him many times.
Martin was showing:
A. prosocial
B. egocentrism.
C. moral reasoning.
D. preoperational

Question 14 of 20
Piaget and Kohlberg believed that the growth of moral
reasoning coincides with __________ growth.
A. social
B. cognitive
C. language
D. personality

Question 15 of 20
Kohlberg’s work was based entirely on the reactions of:
A. adults.
B. females.
C. children.
D. males.

Question 16 of 20
The __________ in books give children experience in reading
and interpreting body language and facial expressions.
A. illustrations
B. title pages
C. text
D. settings

Question 17 of 20
__________ books are an excellent source of material in
which body language and facial expressions are emphasized.
A. Concept
B. Picture
C. Chapter
D. Wordless picture

Question 18 of 20
Which one of the following facets of language is a suprasegmental
that linguists say adds meaning to speech?
A. Onomatopoeia
B. Alliteration
C. Stress
D. Assonance

Question 19 of 20
Hannah had matured. She still enjoyed playing dress-up, but
she understood when her friends wanted to play something different. She was
able to:
A. be accepting.
B. change their
C. decenter.
D. play alone

Question 20 of 20
Moral reasoning at __________ is widely represented in the
decisions that book characters make.
A. the
preoperational stage
B. stage three
C. the
preconventional level
D. stage four

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