BIOL 103 FINAL EXAMINATION Spring What are the parents’ genotypes for the gene

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School
of Undergraduate Studies
Social,
Behavioral, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences

FINAL
EXAMINATION
BIOL
103
INSTRUCTOR
NAME:
COURSE
NAME: Biology 103
SECTION
NUMBER: (Spring2016)
DUE
DATE: The answer sheet for this exam MUST be submitted to the Assignment folder
within 3 hours of downloading this exam. The final date for submission is 6th
March 2016.
SUBMIT
ANSWER
SHEETto
Assignment Folder Final Exam
IMPORTANT:STUDENTPLEASE ANSWER ALL
QUESTIONS IN THEANSWER
SHEETDOCUMENT AND SUBMIT THEANSWER SHEETTO YOUR INSTRUCTOR. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.
DO**NOT**SUBMIT THIS TEST DOCUMENT
FILE TO YOUR INSTRUCTOR.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS: This final examination is
worth 20% of your overall grade

Readall
instructions carefully.

*Do
not leave any required questions blank.
Make your best guesses.*

**When
answering questions for all sections, use the accompanying Answer Sheet. Submit the Answer Sheet document to your Assignment
Folderwithin 3 hours of downloading this document.**
MULTIPLE
CHOICE SECTION INSTRUCTIONS: Please answer all questions.

Each question is worth 1 point.Total points for
this section is 30points.

**Do not
enter your answers here.** Type in the letter you select as the best answer on
the Answer Sheet provided by your instructor.

Use
the following information to answer questions 1 and 2 below. ***

Labrador Centronuclear
Myopathy (CNM) is genetic disease in Labrador retrievers that results in
insufficient muscle function, poor muscles tone, exercise intolerance, and
awkward gait. CNM only develops in dogs
that are homozygous recessive (pp) for the PTPLA gene. You are a dog breeder and there is one puppy
in a new litter that has CNM. Neither of
the puppy’s parents have CNM.

1. What
are the parents’ genotypes for the gene responsible for CNM?
A) pp and pp
B) Pp and Pp
C) PP and PP
D) PP and Pp

2. Which of the following best
describes the mother’s genotype?
A) Homozygous recessive
B) Heterozygous
C) Homozygous dominant
D) Heterozygous and Homozygous dominant

3. In biological systems most of the
original energy from the sun is lost as?
A) Light
B) Kinetic energy of motion
C) Heat
D)
Potential chemical energy

4. All of the following are common or
recurrent themes in biology except?
A) Organisms grow, develop, and reproduce
B) Function determines structure
C) Matter is recycled while energy flows through living systems
D) Living organisms maintain homeostasis
E)
Evolutionary processes explain both
the unity and adaptive diversity of life

5. In
the following chemical reaction, what is carbon dioxide (CO2)?
Organic
molecule + 6O2⇨6CO2
+ 6H2O + energy
A)
independent
variable
B)
product
C)
substrate
D)
enzyme
6. Which
of the following is true regarding chemical bonds?
a) Chemical bonds are an unbreakable
union of two atoms
b) Chemical bonds are an energetic
interaction, or relationship, that occurs between two atoms
c) Chemical bonds are a physical
linkage of two atoms
d) Chemical bonds are the result of
energy emitted by radioactive atoms

7. The
genome of the bacterium, Helicobacter
pylori,is composed of 19% guanine.
Which of the following must also be true of its double stranded
genome?
A)
19%
cytosine
B)
62%
adenine
C)
31%
thymine
D)
19%
uracil

8.
You observe the following outside your
window: A chipmunk is munching away on a
bean plant in your garden when a black rat snake grabs and eats the chipmunk.
What is the chipmunk in this situation?
A)
predator
B)
primary consumer
C)
prey
D)
secondary consumer
E)
both B and C

9. The template strand of DNA contains the nucleotide base
sequence ATGCCA. The nucleotide
sequence of the transcribed mRNA strand would be _______________.

(a) ATGCCA

(b) ACCGTA

(c) UACGGU

(d) TACGGT

(e) ATCCCT

10.
The addition of the
green fluorescent protein gene from a jellyfish to the genome of the zebra fish
in order to produce a fluorescent green colored fish is an example of what?
a)
genetic engineering
b)
genetic
drift
c)
evolution
d)
selective
breeding

11.
Cellular respiration
occurs in which types of cells?
a.
Bacterial
b.
Animal
c.
Plant
d.
Protist
e.
All
of the above

12. Dr.
Kitty Hauke is studying lobsters in Maine.
She noticed that over several years the average length of pincers had
increased within this population. She
hypothesized that having larger pincers provided a fitness advantage. To test her hypothesis, she introduced 75
large pincer lobsters and 75 small pincer lobsters into an isolated bay area
that was similar to the lobsters’ natural sea environment. Over 10 years, Dr. Hauke observed this
isolated population of lobsters. What
would she likely observe if her hypothesis was incorrect?
A)
The
percent of lobsters with large pincers would decrease.
B)
There
were fewer small pincer lobsters mating during mating season.
C)
More
large pincer lobsters could be found mating during mating season.
D)
The
percent of lobsters with large pincers would increase.

13. Microevolution is to population as
macroevolution is to __________.
A)
Individuals
B)
Communities
C)
Biodiversity
D)
Species

14. Active transport requires energy in
order to move molecules ____________ the concentration gradient while simple
and facilitated diffusion require no energy to move molecules __________ the
concentration gradient.
A)
Along ; against
B)
Along ; along
C)
Against ; along
D)
Against ; against

15. Limiting factors:
A)
Can be unpredictable natural events
B)
Can be both biotic and abiotic
C)
Can lead to unlimited population
growth
D)
A and B
E)
A and C
F)
B and C
G)
All of the above

16. Cell
is to ________ as gene is to heredity.
A)
Organism
B)
Organelle
C)
Life
D)
Biology

17. Allopatric
speciation involves geography but _________________ speciation involves genetic
change.
A)
Sympatric
B)
Parapatric
C)
De
novo
D)
Peripatric

18. A
common theme in biology is that energy flows through biological systems while
matter __________.
A)
Flows
B)
Cycles
C)
Multiplies
D)
Stagnates

19. You
have discovered a new substance that you suspect may be a living organism. All
of the following are characteristics this substance would need in order to be
classified as living EXCEPT:
A)
Be
made of organic molecules
B)
Evolve
C)
Grow,
develop and reproduce with the help of DNA
D)
Not
contain carbon atoms
E)
Use
energy and raw materials to survive

20.

.gif” alt=”Tomato hornworm labeled.png”>

The following is a picture of a Tomato Hornworm,
which is the caterpillar stage of the five-spotted hawkmoth(Manduca quinquemaculata). The
white objects protruding from the caterpillar are wasp eggs. The wasps lay
their eggs on the horn worms so that when the larvae hatch they can feed on the
worm.

Which term best
describes the relationship between the wasps and the Tomato hornworms?
A)
Mutualism
B)
Competition
C)
Predation
D)
Symbiosis

***Use
the following to answer questions 21-24 below. ***
Consider the following hypothetical
metabolic pathway (each letter after the word “Molecule” represents a group of
atoms):
.jpg”>

21. What
is the reactant for this pathway?
A)
Molecule
C
B)
Molecule
COO
C)
Molecule
COOL
D)
Enzyme
1

22. What
is the intermediate for this pathway?
A)
Molecule
C
B)
Molecule
COO
C)
Molecule
COOL
D)
Enzyme
1

23. Which
of the following best describes this metabolic pathway?
A)
The
pathway is anabolic
B)
The
pathway is catabolic

24. All
of the following would allow for more of the product of this metabolic pathway
to be produced, EXCEPT?
A)
Increasing
the amount of Enzyme 2
B)
Increasing
the amount of Molecule C
C)
Adding
an activator for Enzyme 1
D)
Adding
an inhibitor for Enzyme 1
E)
Removing
an inhibitor of Enzyme 2

25. In
Central Dogma: DNA is ________________ into RNA, and RNA is ______________ into
proteins.
A)
Translated
; transcribed
B)
Replicated
; translated
C)
Transcribed
; translated
D)
Replicated
; transcribed

26. What
is the genotype for the individual labeled “1” in the pedigree below? (Black
circles or squares represent individuals born with a genetic disease such as
cystic fibrosis)
.gif” alt=”pedigree.png”>

A)
AA
B)
Aa
C)
aa
D)
Either
AA or Aa

27. Which
of the following is an example of sexual selection?
A)
A
diamondback rattlesnake with a color pattern that allows it to blend in better
with the desert sand.
B)
A
farmer cross pollinating two zucchini plants.
C)
Male
blue-footed boobies dancing to show off their bright blue feet to female
blue-footed boobies.
D)
A
scientist inserting an Escherichia coligene
into the genome of Staphylococcus aureus.

28. Consider
a rabbit, which of the following is true regarding its DNA?
A)
All
of its cells contain the same DNA.
B)
Each
cell type contains its own unique DNA.
C)
Rabbit
brain cells and kidney cells express the same DNA genes.
D)
Rabbit
DNA uses a different molecular backbone than mouse DNA.

29. Which
of the following is the correct order of ecological organizational levels
starting from the largest and most inclusive to the smallest and least
inclusive?
A)
Population
> biosphere > community > individual > ecosystem
B)
Community
> individual > population > biosphere > ecosystem
C)
Biosphere
> ecosystem > community > population > individual
D)
Individual
> population > ecosystem > community >biosphere

30. You
are studying passive diffusion of a molecule called FLUBBER across a
semipermeable membrane, which is mimicking the phospholipid bilayer of
eukaryotic cells. FLUBBER moves from
side A to B. Which of the following can you conclude?
A)
Side
A had a lower FLUBBER concentration initially compared to side B.
B)
Side
A had a higher FLUBBER concentration initially compared to side B.
C)
Side
A had the same initial FLUBBER concentrationas side B.

SHORT
ANSWER SECTION

Each question is worth 10 points.Total points for
this section is 30 points.

Answer THREE
out of the five questions listed below. Each
answer should be between two paragraphs and half a page long. Answers will
be graded for accuracy and completeness, as well as spelling and grammar.

**Do not
enter your answers here** Type your answers into the Answer Sheet provided by
your instructor.

At the beginning of the
spring, Dr. Allan notices that there is an equal distribution of long and
short stemmed buttercups in the vacant lot (which is never cut) across the
street from his house, as well as in his own backyard. By the end of
the summer he notes that there are mostly long stemmed buttercups in the
lot, but mostly short stemmed buttercups in his yard, which he regularly
mows. These observations are examples of what biological
principle? Develop a hypothesis to explain Dr. Allan’s observations.

You are
analyzing the ingredients in a new hot dog that is going to be put on the
market soon. A) Explain the
biological function of these natural chemicals that you might find in a
hot dog: protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins.

B)
Would it be healthier to eat a hot dog that contains mainly saturated fat, or
one that contains mainly unsaturated fat? Explain your answer.

3. What
are mutations? Describe how mutations contribute to variation within a
population.
4. Suppose you are taking a cruise from
California to Hawaii. About halfway
there, the ship begins
to sink.
You are able to board a lifeboat, but now you are floating in the ocean
waiting to be
rescued. After several days, you are so thirsty that
you bend over the side of the boat and drink
lots of salty seawater. Explain what you think will happen to your
body within a few hours of
drinking the ocean water, and
explain biological basis for your reaction.

5.
Discuss
a specific example of how human activities can damage the environment, and
explain how this damage could be reduced or eliminated.

ESSAY
SECTION

Answer
TWO out of the 5 questions below.Each answer
should be approximately one page long. Answers will be graded for accuracy
and completeness, as well as spelling and grammar.

Each question is worth 20 points. Total points for this section is 40 points.

**Do not
enter your answers here.** Type your answers into the Answer Sheet provided by
your instructor.

QUESTIONS

1.Before bringing a new drug to the
marketplace, extensive testing is done on the drug by administering the drug to
large numbers of individuals. Explain
the importance of the scientific method, sample size, controls and variable in
the drug evaluation process.

2.List and describe factors
that affect the rate of an enzyme reaction

3.
Consider
the food web for the Chesapeake Bay shown below.
.gif” alt=”https://oli.cmu.edu/repository/webcontent/d159c5ce80020ca601c70e9d42523679/_u8100_ecology/_m4_ecosystems/webcontent/foodWeb.png”>
By
US Geological Survey (.usgs.gov/circ/circ1316/html/images/fig141ply.jpg”>Chesapeake Waterbird Food Web) Public Domain

Give a detailed analysis of this food web. Be sure to address the following in your
analysis:a description of the producers and consumers (you do not need to list
every organism, but give a few examples along with what makes an organism fall
into one class or the other), energy movement through the food web, the number of trophic levels found in this
food web, which organisms most efficiently utilize the resources, the way in
which of one biogeochemical cycles interacts with the ecosystem of this food
web, and how humans can negatively impact this food web.

4. Compare
and contrast artificial selection (traditional breeding of plants and animals)
and genetic modification of organisms (GMOs).
In your answer also include the following:two advantages and two disadvantages
for each technique, as well as one specific example of each.

5. Explain
the main stages of mitosis (you may use diagrams) and contrast the processes of
mitosis and meiosis in an animal cell.

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