Should colleges charge for academic credit earned from unpaid internships

Should colleges charge for academic credit earned from unpaid internships?Internships have become an integral part of the college experience, with someschools requiring students to complete at least one internship before theygraduate into the working world, where employers increasingly are givingpreference to candidates with experience.Although students often appreciate the advantage that internships provide – andcan reap the benefits later as they seek employment – some are pushing backagainst the long-standing college practice of charging tuition for the creditsstudents earn through unpaid internships. Students at several schools arebeginning to allege publicly that colleges are profiting from their free labor,collecting money from families already stretched by the high cost of highereducation while being spared the expense of providing instruction.The conflict is emerging from a fundamental debate about the future of highereducation: Colleges increasingly are seeking to provide career-orientedopportunities for students, saying that internships are an invaluable part of theirprograms and require direct faculty supervision. Students say that paying towork is an outdated and unfair model, especially when they are poised tograduate with the heavy burden of student-loan debt.‘‘This is a huge ethical issue for universities that they are sneaking under therug,’’ said David Yamada, director of the New Workplace Institute at SuffolkUniversity Law School in Boston. ‘‘In this era of skyrocketing student debt, thefact that students are probably having to borrow money to do an internship forfree is appalling.’’Colleges generally make no distinction between internship programs and anyother courses that come with a tuition bill, saying that academic internshipsrequire costly faculty work.‘‘It would be great if we could provide academic supervision in a way that didn’tcost the institution anything, but there isn’t,’’ said Terry Hartle, senior vicepresident of the American Council on Education. ‘‘If faculty are involved,somebody has to pay for the cost of having them there. It is a financial issue.’’Joshua Siegel does not buy that argument. The Seton Hall University senior isamong a group of students petitioning the school in South Orange, New Jersey,to stop charging for internship credits.‘‘It’s unfortunate that the school, which is not providing the service, notfacilitating the process, not suffering any strain on its resources, feels it is owedcompensation for me performing a function on my own,’’ Siegel said.Despite having a summer internship at a charity, Siegel, 21, must completeothers sanctioned by the university to get his bachelor’s degree in diplomacy.Seton Hall officials say Siegel can opt out of the requirement by picking upanother class, but he says that option does nothing to resolve the underlyingproblem: a lack of money.To keep a handle on costs, Siegel has been taking 18 credits a semester sinceswitching his major from history to diplomacy. He figured that a full load ofclasses would help him avoid spending an extra year in school. But Siegel stillhas a three-credit internship hanging over his head, at a tuition cost of about$3,000.‘‘It’s an undue financial burden,’’ Siegel said. ‘‘Even if I opt out, I’m still payingmoney either way. I’ve taken all the classes in my major, so I’d have to just takeany class that fits in my schedule.’’Seton Hall officials say they understand that students are concerned about costsbut that the school must cover the expense of running internship courses.‘‘These courses are an extension of the classroom,’’ said Joan Guetti, seniorassociate provost at Seton Hall. ‘‘Faculty have to set up the internships, thehours, the assignments – papers, journal entries or presentations. There’s a lotmore to this than students see.’’Four majors at Seton Hall have internship requirements, and the requirement isunder consideration for several other majors, according to Reesa Greenwald,director of the school’s career center. Seton Hall students can avoid additionalcharges by taking the internship courses during the school year, when flat-ratetuition is charged. But that rate does not apply in the summer, an optimal timefor undertaking internships.Seton Hall is proud of integrating work experience into the curriculum, whichgives students an edge in the job market, Greenwald said. Eighty-eight percentof the students in the Class of 2015 were employed in fields related to theirmajors within six months of graduating, she said.‘‘Our goal is to help students find a satisfying career, a lucrative career, whenthey leave us,’’ Greenwald said.Anthony Carnevale, director and research professor at the GeorgetownUniversity Center on Education and the Workforce, said colleges are respondingto employers’ demands that graduates have ‘‘real-world’’ experience.Employers place a premium on graduates with internships on their résumés,according to the Georgetown center. Starting salaries for graduates with paidinternships average about $52,000, compared with $37,000 for those withoutinternship. Nearly two-thirds of college graduates who complete paid internshipsreceive job offers on graduation, compared with just 35 percent of recentgraduates who do not have internship experience.‘‘These things are like gold,’’ Carnevale said, adding that about 10 percent of thenation’s 20 million college students are able to secure internships during theircollege careers.College internships vary widely. Positions that pay are difficult to find, and someof the most prestigious posts, at nonprofit organizations and in governmentagencies, offer no compensation, presenting an extreme challenge for thosestudents who already have trouble paying for college.Carnevale and other higher-education advocates say one economical way to helpstudents who are in financial need to get work experience would be to turnfederal work-study jobs into subsidized internships. The Obama administrationconsidered the idea, but it failed to advance because colleges, which typicallyemploy federal work-study students on campus, declined to give up the low-wagelabor the federal program provides, Carnevale said.Academic credit has become a stand-in for pay and is a popular way for collegesto regulate internships.‘‘Having academic credit increases the value of the internship,’’ said Hartle, ofthe American Council on Education. ‘‘It means that somebody is trying to makesure the internship is a good, productive experience and that students are notjust [spending their time] filing papers.’’Offering credit for student work is mutually beneficial for companies anduniversities. Employers get free labor and can avoid liability insurance forstudents, and schools can promote their program’s connections to the workingworld.‘‘Touting internships for credit is one of the ways schools can at least claim to beproviding practical training as part of degree programs,’’ said SuffolkUniversity’s Yamada. ‘‘It’s not quite free money for the university . . . but it’s notcredit hours that have to be covered by classroom teaching.’’Cleveland State University graduate student Tim Russo said his school hasprovided no support for his internship, which he landed himself at a friend’s lawfirm.‘‘I feel like I’m getting exploited by the system,’’ said Russo, 48, who mustcomplete a three-credit internship to get his master’s degree in globalinteractions. ‘‘There’s no guidance, no guidelines, nothing.’’Russo questioned the internship requirement at a roundtable in December, andshortly afterward the school’s president said students could have theirinternships appear on official transcripts without receiving or paying for credits.The offer means little to Russo, who, like others with internship courserequirements, must find a replacement class to graduate.‘‘I want to finish, but I’m not paying tuition for this,’’ said Russo, who sat out thespring semester in protest. ‘‘We’re not human beings, just c
ash for theuniversity.’’Cleveland State Provost Jianping Zhu said the school is reviewing its courseofferings and examining whether there is adequate faculty involvement ininternship courses.‘‘Students need to feel that faculty mentors are interacting with them so they canlearn to integrate their internship experience with their studies in theclassroom,’’ Zhu said.More universities are similarly recognizing internships without offering, orcharging for, credit. Other schools are raising money to fund unpaid internshipsfor students in need, and some colleges are exploring programs that let studentssplit their time between classes and short-term work.At Seton Hall, Katherine Wolchko, a rising senior in the diplomacy program, hasresolved to keep fighting the school’s internship policy, even though she can optout.‘‘The practice is financially exploitative, deeply biased against socioeconomicallydisadvantaged students,’’ she said. ‘‘Students shouldn’t pay for a service that theschool doesn’t provide, and we shouldn’t have to pay for the privilege to work.’’

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Essay Fountain
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Business Studies
The writer delivered as on time with quality work. But writteres communication could of been better and I would have been more content with choosing my own writer as per my assignment.
Customer 452679, March 24th, 2021
Sociology
Thanks to the entire team!
Customer 452919, December 8th, 2021
Business Studies
I had no idea what to do here and you nailed it! Thank you so much!
Customer 453131, November 21st, 2022
Political science
Great paper
Customer 452863, September 11th, 2021
Ethics
Since I will be needing assistance from your Team, please do not block me from editing the paper. The entire did an awesome job on last semester and I never once encountered a situation as such. Thank you for your assistance and I look forward to working with the Team for the next 7 weeks of the semester.
Customer 452919, January 15th, 2022
Other
Should have been around social worker in the UK but I can adapt it.
Customer 453101, August 5th, 2022
Sociology
Thank you for your service. I hope that everyone had a happy Thanksgiving.
Customer 452919, November 23rd, 2021
Sociology
Thank you for following the guidelines of discussion. Awesome! Hopefully the grade will be better than the first 2 discussions submitted. I was fearful when I received an email requesting to send a copy of the book. Please remember that I confirmed whether or not you all had access to the book before I submitted my first request for assistance.
Customer 452919, February 1st, 2023
Tourism
thank you
Customer 452933, November 20th, 2021
Sociology
I enjoyed the writer's work. Please send the writer's ID. The paper was available ahead of the due date and numbered each question to ensure mee that it was covered. AWESOME WORK!
Customer 452919, April 20th, 2022
Sociology
Thank you, Team I sincerely appreciate your service.
Customer 452919, April 13th, 2022
Education
I love you guys, yal are the best. Thank you so much !!!
Customer 453117, September 10th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat